Macular Degeneration Therapy to Preserve and Improve Your Vision

Illustration of macular degeneration within the eyeAge-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a serious and potentially devastating disease that can cause irreversible vision loss. Although it cannot be cured, different therapies can slow the progression of the condition, preserving and even improving vision in many cases. At Broberg Eye Care, we provide diagnosis for macular degeneration, as well as targeted treatment options. Our ophthalmologists have the experience you need to preserve your vision. To learn more about macular degeneration, contact our Austin, TX office today.

What is Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration refers to the separation and degeneration of the macula, or the central part of the retina. Your macula is the part of your eye with the highest visual acuity, or sharpness. When it becomes detached from the back of the eye or begins to break down, the macula fails to function properly. If patients do not seek treatment for the condition, vision loss can occur. But with early diagnosis and intervention, the progression of macular degeneration can be substantially slowed.

Dry Macular Degeneration

There are two types of macular degeneration. Dry macular degeneration occurs when the macula itself begins to break down, causing blurring in your central vision. This condition progresses much more slowly than wet macular degeneration. Unfortunately, it is often not diagnosed until a substantial amount of vision is irreplaceably lost. If you experience progressively blurred vision, you should be tested for dry macular degeneration. Progressive blurriness and a blank spot in your central field of vision require immediate attention.

Wet Macular Degeneration

Wet macular degeneration occurs when weak, abnormal blood vessels that have developed behind your retina leak fluid and blood around your macula, lifting it from its place at the back of your eye. These blood vessels develop behind your retina and are very fragile. When wet macular degeneration has begun to develop, straight lines may appear wavy. Wet macular degeneration develops very quickly and vision loss can progress at a rapid rate, so it is important to meet with an eye doctor as soon as possible.

Macular Degeneration Causes

Macular degeneration is most often associated with aging. In addition, there are other risk factors that can increase your risk of developing the condition. These include:
  • A family history of the condition
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
Macular degeneration is also more likely to occur in Caucasians and females.

Advanced Diagnostic Testing

Today, a simple test can evaluate your current ocular health, as well as determine your future risk. We are excited to offer RetnaGene™, a genetic testing method that can thoroughly evaluate a patients' risk of developing AMD.

Treatment Options

For wet AMD, several types of medications can be injected into the eye; these medications signal the body to stop producing the damaging blood vessels. Some patients also undergo light therapy for wet AMD. In this treatment approach, medication is injected in the eye and then activated by a specialized light. Together, the medication and light seal abnormal blood vessels and stop them from leaking. Laser treatments can also be performed to cause the blood vessels to coagulate and cease leaking.

For dry AMD, there are several options available to patients. We encourage patients to take certain vitamins that may reduce the progression of the disease. Additionally, we can implant a telescopic lens in a patient's eye. This telescopic lens can magnify a patient's field of vision, improving near and distance vision.

Schedule an Appointment

To learn more about testing and diagnosis for different types of macular degeneration, contact Broberg Eye Care today.

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