Understand Cataract Symptoms to Maintain Your Health
As you age, the proteins in the eye’s lens begin to clump together, forming a cataract, which results in blurry and clouded vision. Dr. Peter Broberg, Dr. Halsey Settle, Dr. William McGlathery, Dr. Ximena de Sabra and the rest of our staff are committed to helping you proactively protect the quality of your vision and health of your eyes. We can treat your cataracts and diagnose cataract symptoms to preserve your sight and ocular wellbeing. Contact our office today to learn more about cataract symptoms and schedule an appointment at our Austin, TX practice.
Who Is at Risk?
Most patients who suffer from cataracts are over 50 years old. You are also at a higher risk of developing cataracts if you:
- Suffer from uncontrolled diabetes
- Take steroid medications
- Have high blood pressure
- Drink an excessive amount of alcohol
- Have a genetic predisposition to this condition
- Do not adequately protect your eyes from the sun
- Have been exposed to radiation, as with cancer treatment
- Have suffered an eye injury
- Previously underwent eye surgery for a different ocular condition
- Smoke cigarettes
Understanding the symptoms of this disease can help you and your ophthalmologist diagnose it in its early stages. The following conditions can be indicators that you suffer from or are developing cataracts:
- Worsened night vision
- Hypersensitivity to light
- Discoloration of vision, particularly a brown or yellow hue
- Light abnormalities such as starbursts, halos, or glare
- Constantly changing glasses or contact prescriptions
- Diplopia (double vision)
- Cloudy, blurry, or hazy eyesight
Cataract symptoms can be subtle, so it is important to undergo regular eye exams. While maintaining proper preventive eye care is important at every age, it is especially important for patients over the age of 50, since they are more likely to develop cataracts and other ocular conditions.
When you come in for an appointment, Dr. Broberg, Dr. Settle, or Dr. McGlathery will inspect your lenses for clouding using a slit lamp, a powerful plane of light that allows your doctor to see any abnormalities with a magnifying device. He may also use an ophthalmoscope, a small, handheld, lighted tool. He will examine each eye individually, since cataracts can develop in just one eye or both. Your ophthalmologist may also test your vision with a Snellen chart, having you read lines of letters of varying sizes to check your optometric prescription. Your doctor may also use special eye drops to dilate your eyes and inspect your retina, the nerves and tissues at the back of the eye. Our ophthalmologists perform a wide range of tests to detect cataracts as early as possible.
If a cataract has formed in one or both of your lenses, we will typically recommend that you change your glasses or contact prescription and continue to monitor your vision. Eventually, your cataracts may progress to a point that you require surgery. As a one-stop shop for cataract care, we offer laser cataract surgery to safely and effectively remove the lens. For lens replacement, we provide monofocal intraocular lenses (IOLs), toric IOLs for astigmatism, and multifocal IOLs for enhanced eyesight at any distance.
Know Your Cataract Symptoms
To learn more about cataract symptoms or schedule an eye exam, contact our office today.